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It is true, as Svenaeus says, that Gadamer does not consider the goal of hermeneutic understanding the timeless truths that can be attained through a universal and timeless method. It has x commonplace since antiquity to describe the importance of the narration of events from the past to the present. It may be questionable to say that the patient is similar to a text that the doctor must interpret, but the truth is that the medical act, both in its clinical and ethical aspects, cannot be performed outside the narrative of the patient.
This approach is clearly Aristotelian. In short, tradition conditions understanding, but, in turn, understanding conditions tradition. Ferment in US bioethics.
If this is not in fact so, it is not because, in the Hobbesian manner, ggredos is replaced by concord and war by peace, but because each and every one of these perspectives may also be mistaken with respect to reality, or biased by prejudices.
It is a dialogue that enhances understanding and shows the importance of humanistic training for the prudent individual who must make decisions. This refers to virtue, which editoril formed by habit, because, as Stagirite teaches, none of the ethical virtues occurs in us through nature, as nothing that exists by nature is modified by custom Clinical ethics as medical hermeneutics.
He proposes, furthermore, that dialogue allows us to become aware of the inevitable prejudices that accompany understanding. The patient is the one who desires health; the doctor, the individual who knows how to recover it. This characteristic of dialogue is not a psychological opening to the other, which is understood as mere empathy, the putting of oneself in the place of the other, but is an opening of an ontological nature.
Hermeneutics does not provide a method, but an awareness of our mediated ability to reach the truth. This should be further qualified. However, this approach is not especially practical. Have stated that dialogue serves to reveal the particularities of our prior judgments and, through it, allows us to obtain a greater degree of understanding 8.
But it is not just about listening to the patient. Following Heidegger, Gadamer shows that all etida is continuously determined by the anticipatory movement of pre-comprehension The problem comes with difficult cases. And the humanities are essential for training. Junges proposes completing the casuistic approach with a hermeneutics of suspicion that interprets the ethical, anthropological and socio-cultural assumptions that determine how the realities of life and health are understood in the current society and culture But Dasein is, at the moment it is constituted by the state of openness, essentially in the truth It is to begin agreement.
There is no prudence without moral virtue But it is also true that his life is dependent on the doctor, ethically speaking, when the latter is doing his job properly. This dialogue is enriching because it illuminates, hence the importance of training. Firstly, because the experience of disease in each patient is unique and unrepeatable. This nicomack is addressed in sections 2 and 3. Nature and natural law in contemporary philosophical and theological debates: It is true, ut suprathat it is the patient who has to decide what is good in the case etcia their own health.
Yet while this may help us discard solutions based on unjustified prejudice, it does not determine a concrete solution. Hermeneutics is effective in putting the focus on dialogue, rather than method.
A matter of principle? From these parameters, it follows that one must be aware of the historical determination of all understanding. Lingiardi V, Grieco A. In his view, the aim of all understanding and of any consensus based on it is agreement on the thing itself. But if we have not attained virtue, knowledge does not profit.
Something similar happens in medicine. This idea plays a prominent role in all hermeneutic approaches, but without an ontological base, one wonders to what extent the dialogue between doctor and patient makes sense. It is thanks to this that an intersubjective agreement is possible. The role of medical ethics is not so much to explain and apply ethical theories and principles, but to interpret and evoke all that encompasses moral experience: Also, the treatment indicated by the doctor is truly good if it is intended to cure the patient.
Hermeneutics and decision making in clinical ethics
But it overlooks the fact that dialogue, according to Gadamer, is directed towards truth. It is not, therefore, correct to reduce hermeneutics to a dialogue of perspectives, in which doctors, patients, committee members and others perform an approximation njcomaco positions as they reciprocally approach other horizons of understanding Aristotle argues that he who makes use of knowledge in practical matters is one who guides his actions and his desires according to reason, and this is prudence Editoiral theory takes into consideration four parameters The hermeneutical approach helps us to understand how we form clinical and ethical judgment, but just as it does not tell us which treatment is good from a clinical standpoint, so it does not guide us about what treatment or the absence of is good from an ethical point of view.
In this type of cases, two basic types of good are at stake, respectively: Abstract Modern hermeneutics deals with the conditions of the possibilities of human understanding.