participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
|Published (Last):||23 July 2018|
|PDF File Size:||14.8 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||12.88 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
According to Medeirosp. Protected areas are thus defined by some legal mechanism.
SNUC – Leis de Crimes Ambientais by Elder Santos on Prezi
According to the same author op. The goal of protecting natural spaces snud well as their attributes serves the current and future generations. It became the basis for developing the “Brazilian Conservation Unit System Plan”, which first stage was published inand the second one, in However, the recent events, as well as the increasing awareness about the complexity, will gradually give ldi to the actions taken in this direction nowadays.
According to the bill BRASIL,the RVS must ensure conditions for the existence and reproduction of local flora species or communities as well as of resident or migratory fauna.
However, its differential – and source of dissension – lies on the possibility of co-existence between the private properties, which are allowed to make indirect use of natural resources, and the full protection of the covered environment. The first stage of the Brazilian National Lie Unit System Plan proves that inspiration, since the plan states that the goal of the Wildlife Sanctuary or Refuge is to ensure the survival of species or populations of llei or resident fauna, endemic and unique biotopes, with regional, national or global significance.
Federal RVS creation and management By analyzing the decrees that created the Federal Refuges, it was possible to see that only one of the seven existing refuges has some direct relation to the protection of fauna species among its goals. The current major difficulty lies on the fact that the RVS problem, as well as the CU management problem in general, is not just about concept, it is a political issue. The peculiarity of this category, which is shared only with Natural Monuments, lies on the fact that, by being a full protection category, it does not involve land expropriation once the activities held within the properties are compatible with the Unit creation goals.
Inthe predecessor of the concept of sustainable development emerged in Stockholm.
Factsheet: SNUC | S2BIOM
The management of conservation units is not on the agenda, and it probably never was. However, throughout the long SNUC development process, the category definition has undergone changes that led it to be differently applied in practice.
In this case, the only land use option would be ecotourism, which can be considered as being of indirect use. On the other hand, the decrees that created the other RVS refer to the RVS concept found in the SNUC text, which concerns the protection of “natural environments that ensure the conditions for the existence or reproduction of species or communities” in a broader way.
However, the bill did not present the definition of ‘indirect use’. The proposal contained 09 conservation unit categories divided in three groups, namely: Regulamenta dispositivos da Lei no Faced with the difficulties in managing CUs of a very complex, 99855 and rare category, environmental analysts assigned to federal RVS started, ina movement 985 discuss the standards and guidelines for the management of this category. However, these initiatives were inspired by international experiences, especially those of the United States and Europe.
According to the author, the different CU types 9958 born from multiple factors, namely: The RVS category is a conservation unit in the full protection group, i. These changes led to an lwi configuration within the group of full protection conservation unit, in which some direct uses were suggested.
Although it is initially clear that the RVS may be composed of private properties, later in his text the author includes the RVS in the purely public domain CU group, in which expropriation is mandatory. It was repealed by Decree No.
It raises hypotheses about the concepts involved in the creation of federal RVS and about the possible meaning managers attribute to this category. The environmental crisis may be interpreted as a reflection of the instrumental rationality limits. This variety of categories would also represent the environmental diversity presented by a snyc country of continental proportions such as Brazil.
According to two other managers, the concept of RVS is related to the protection of a specific resource and linked to relatively small areas.
Wildlife Refuge; management of protected areas; rationality. Their opinion is in accordance with the original inspiration mentioned in the current study. This chapter explicitly determined the creation and delimitation of protected areas and confirmed the common duty of both the society and the State in maintaining and protecting nature.
All anuc RVS have areas between 15, and snuv, hectares. The new Constitution was promulgated in and it had a specific chapter on the environment. Finally, there are managers who consider the category, in a way, as a forced practice of sustainable development, as it can be seen in the following statement: